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String Filter For Character Set

Revision as of 22:00, 18 August 2006 by Cyberlync (Talk | contribs)

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Problem

You want to remove all but a specified set of characters from a string.

Solution

This is really a extension of what we talked about in StringCheckForChar. The Erlang lists module provides several functions that allow manipulations of strings (since they are simply lists of characters). For example, to remove non-letters from a string, we could define a predicate that recognizes only letters:

1> lists:filter(fun(X) -> lists:member(X, 
1>     "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ") end,
1>     "Hello, World!").
"HelloWorld"
37> lists:filter(fun(X) -> not lists:member(X,
37> "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ") end,
37> "Hello, World!").
", !"