You need to convert a string to all uppercase or all lowercase.
For ASCII, you can do it yourself in this simple manner:
to_upper(S) -> lists:map(fun char_to_upper/1, S). to_lower(S) -> lists:map(fun char_to_lower/1, S). char_to_upper(C) when C >= $a, C =< $z -> C bxor $\s; char_to_upper(C) -> C. char_to_lower(C) when C >= $A, C =< $Z -> C bxor $\s; char_to_lower(C) -> C.
For many other languages where case-change makes sense, you can extend the above in a simple manner by adding new ranges or specific characters to the char_to_*/1 functions. For some, you may need extra processing in to_upper/1 or to_lower/1.
Erlang doesn't have a nice unicode-respectful way of doing this. If you'd like to prototype such a way, you might start with: